In order to restore the wildlife population and protect their property from other incompatible activities, it was requested that the region be upgraded to National Park status.
The name Mkomazi, which means “The spring of water,” is derived from the Pare language, one of the largest tribes in the Kilimanjaro region of northern Tanzania. The Umba River, which also serves as the southern and eastern boundaries of Mkomazi National Park, is the sole reliable and permanent source of water in the park, as its name implies.
After the degazetting of the much larger Ruvu Game Reserve, the National Park was established as a game reserve in 1951.
The area was designated a game reserve in order to protect the flora and fauna and sustainably use them for tourism, game hunting, and wildlife viewing.
Diverse Fauna and Flora, the only protected area in Tanzania having a sizable and obvious Gerenuk population.
Particularly the Black Rhino and Wild Dogs are endangered animals.
Huge population of large and small mammals, including lions, leopards, lesser kudus, giraffes, grant’s gazelles, hyenas, hartebeest, warthogs, buffaloes, elephants, and zebra.
Crocodiles in the Umba River, pythons, and agama lizards are reptiles.
More than 450 different species of birds, including Tawny Eagles, Go Away Birds, Ostriches, Parrots, Pelicans, Cormorants, Flamingos, Kingfishers, Plovers, Ducks, Hoopoes, and other birds, are found throughout the world.
Kilimanjaro, the Eastern Arc Mountains (Pare and Usambara), and other highlands are all of breathtaking natural beauty. Forest of acacia and commiphora.